My Thoughts On High Repetition Exercises

Six Sigma Fitness

My Thoughts On High Repetition Exercises
“When is enough, enough?”

High Intensity and or CrossFit programming has many aspects of their training philosophy that either flies in the face of conventional wisdom or is held up against old standards that may not apply today as the scientific rationale has changed over the years and much of the world has failed to keep up, much like nutritional science.  It always seems to take too long for industries to recognize their mistakes or lack of knowledge in an area as new science emerges and acceptance is often too slow erring on the side of caution when it comes to new practices.

Much of that controversy often centers around the use of high rep ranges for exercises, especially Olympic lifts which were traditionally intended to develop speed and power over short rep ranges.  I have my own scientifically supported views on high repetition training.

As you may be aware, everyone is suddenly beginning to promote some sort of high intensity programming but all too often its is being done by the least scientifically educated trainers with the most physical fitness capabilities which often causes them to totally miss the boat on how this type of programming should be implemented to benefit the masses.

Many individuals, health practitioners alike fail to realize that lifestyle habits including nutrition, sleep, stress and toxins play a greater role in disease prevention and optimal mortality than does exercise.  That being said exercise promotes achievement of optimal mortality, reduces further the risk of diseases and promotes highly functional movement which increases the quality of the lifestyle we live more than the quantity.  In addition, research continues to show that maintenance of a healthy lifestyle is promoted and made more successful when coupled with a regular exercise program.

Science is continuing to point to High Intensity Short Duration (HISD) programming as the way to optimize physical exercise benefits.  In fact the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) has changed their position statement on optimal health to include 3 days a week of at least 20 minutes of high intensity training.

One of the critics of the misuse of High Intensity programming is the world-class strength training coach Charles Poliquin.  I am a fan and a certified student of Charles Poliquin and his methods, but I do believe he may overemphasize the value of muscle size or body-building a bit.  None the less he is a great strength and conditioning coach and one of the most knowledgeable men I have met in this industry.

I recently read one of Charles Poliquin’s infamous articles on the 6 Things about CrossFit that he does not like. I agree in theory with several of his points but I believe they are not entirely accurate or understood properly within their training context by Charles.  He trains mostly for sport and athletic endeavors and not for optimal health or General Preparedness which CrossFit specializes in.  And in fact high intensity programming can be overused and promoted as a sport which then reduces the optimization for health and increases the chances for injury and diminishes returns on optimal mortality.  Witness the popularity of the CrossFit Games which is now entering the realm of extreme sport and that comes with injury, mortality risk and reduction in quality of life issues due to extreme forces put on the body to excel at your sport.

push-ups
Although some of his points may be factual, none of his issues have anything to do with high repetition non-weighted movements which is often reported by his critics.  His only high rep (21 rep ranges) issue is with Olympic movements, which he believes would be more effective with simpler exercises.  I think he may very well be correct on this issue.  He does not necessarily disagree with the use of the rep range as much as he does the choice of exercise.

I see futility in certain high rep exercises done in a row.  For example, once you are pushing out 40 or 50 pull-ups in a row, is there really a good bang for your buck in getting to 60 or 70 reps?  I think at this point you are doing exactly what we tell people not to do in our fitness centers, which is in essentially lowering the intensity level.

If 10-20 pull-ups is all I can do before I fall apart then this is an intense exercise for me.  If I can string together 50 before I begin to fall apart, the intensity level of the exercise is greatly diminished and exhaustion of aerobic systems come in to play long before anaerobic systems.

Thus “intensity” is relative to each individual’s conditioning and abilities.  Intense for the 65 year old women who has been sedentary for the last 10 years is different than the physiological definition of intensity for the very active 22 year old male.  It is going to take different movements, weights and rep ranges to get both individuals to the same level of physiological or chemical change that happens in the body that promotes good health with HISD exercise.

I have been thrown the example of sprinting and running as an apples and apples comparison.  Sprinting is very different.  A true sprint never lasts very long because the better shape you are in the faster you go keeping the entire length of the exercise static.  In other words if I can run 400 meters in 70 seconds then I don’t necessarily start running 450 meters at the same pace to increase my conditioning, I try and run 400 meters in 65 seconds and then 60 seconds…  This preserves the adaptation through increased intensity of the neuromuscular and Central Nervous System thus providing optimal endocrine secretions.  Conversely I may try running further in the same amount of time going 450 meters in 70 seconds, this also would be increasing intensity levels of the movement.  Just going longer distances at the same pace like most people who “run” or “jog” has not been shown in research to have as beneficial physiological effect on the body and in fact often has shown to have many detrimental aspects to this type of programming.

On the other hand if I am extremely overweight and deconditioned, high rep movements of air squats at 15-20 reps may be a highly intense exercise for me and provide adaptation.  But as you become highly conditioned like someone who performs HISD exercise regularly, air squats become too easy and often require you to move into a high rep range of literally hundreds of reps that provide no adaptational benefit other than to try and increase VO2 max transfer points to optimize oxygen delivery.  The result of this type of training will begin breaking down muscle fibers (loss of lean muscle tissue), elongating and separating cell structures to adapt to have higher surface areas for oxygen consumption, accumulating subcutaneous and intramuscular adipose tissue (skin and muscular under-layer of  fat) and a host of potential chronic use injuries.  The endocrine boost from this type of movement is significantly diminished and Excess post-exercise oxygen consumption (EPOC) begins to disappear.  Catabolic hormones kick in sooner and fast twitch muscle fibers are de-emphasized which are precisely the fibers you would use in a sprint or high intensity activity.

As such I recognize that many of these longer high intensity routines such as CrossFit Hero WODs such as Murph provide great bragging rights and internal challenges of mental discipline and competition but they are not good training regimens and were never intended to be performed regularly.  In addition there are some practical boundaries and parameters on what would be considered optimal functionality for a 40 year old male executive and potentially what an MMA fighter or 23 year old marine stationed in Iraq may need. We force athletes or emergency responders to do things that may save a life but is not necessarily healthy for them to perform these movements regularly.  The difference is the fact that if they did not train for these situations they themselves or the individuals around them may become a casualty.  So their training is for survival, which at that point in time is “optimal” but probably not optimal for long-term health, which is of no consequence if you can’t survive the immediate risk in front of you.

So I challenge you… what is optimal for your lifestyle and habits?  Just how much exercise and intensity do you need to live as long a life as possible with as good a quality as possible?  That all being said, if you are eating poorly don’t worry about your mortality risk optimization from exercise, your inflammation, blocked arteries and a host of other risk of diseases will likely catch up with you first.

Dean
A graduate of Loyola University and MBA from The University of Chicago.
Pre-med LSU and post graduate at A.T. Still University.

His love of technology started right out of school. As a new hire for Arthur Andersen's Consulting group, the largest accounting and consulting firm in the world at that time, he led the first implementation of one of the very first IBM and Apple personal computers ever used in the business environment quickly becoming the world wide expert in analytical implementation of personal computers for business. Eventually moving on to a widely successful leveraged buy-out and then returning to Arthur Andersen and becoming a Partner in the Chicago office, he specialized in health, fitness, nutritional and food businesses managing some of the largest strategic food industry restructuring deals at the time. As COO of a successful Midwest Venture Capital firm, he was responsible for the operational management and success of over 25 investments each averaging $2-5 million over 5 years yielding returns in excess of 1000%.

He served on the board of many businesses in the health and nutrition sector as well as the educational and certification industries, including the board of Nutrisystems and one of the largest licensing and certifying bodies in the US. Achieving a modest level of success he decided return to school to increase his scientific and technical knowledge and launch an investment company targeting startups in the health and fitness sectors. During this time he became one of Infusionsoft's first Certified Partners providing digital marketing consultation and implementation for many industries including the health, fitness and hospitality service sectors. Having custom developed some of the very first website to Infusionsoft CRM integrations, he implemented over 50 Infusionsoft installations and one of the first website membership systems providing targeted content to clients based on funnel tagging and online behaviors. While UltraFit Systems has incubated and exited several fitness concepts, he noted a need for better digital marketing and client management systems as well as analytical tools for health practitioners to use to chart a scientifically valid path to achieving their goals and objectives.

He is a founding member of Six Sigma Fitness (SSF), an online science and technology company with multiple distribution channels. SSF is a Cloud based SaaS health technology platform for Athlete Management and sub-clinical Health, Wellness and Fitness evaluations for the Health and Fitness industry. It is also a health practitioner educational resource that certifies practitioners in the SSF proprietary methods and business processes. He has created proprietary scientific algorithms, custom CRMs and integrated technologies using API integrations and behavioral logic for marketing and conversion strategies in the health sector. This platform and technology is currently being adopted and customized for a small muti-location mobile technology retail organization as well and B to B telcom provider.

A wrestler in high school and for a brief time in college until realizing the challenges of studying and playing sports at a high level while constantly having to cut weight, he decided to coach and master the challenges of health and fitness through weightlifting and martial arts while pursuing careers in consulting and eventually the venture capital and private equity business specializing in food and nutrition industries.

He is a multiple blackbelt having studied martial arts for over 30 years including kickboxing, Muay Thai, BJJ, Krav Maga, Kenpo Karate, Kung Fu, Northern (Longfist) and Southern Shaolin (Hung Gar Tiger and Crane), Tai Chi, Qigong, Traditional Weapons and Chinese philosophical studies including Taoism, internal arts and energy systems from an Eastern medicine perspective.

He has had the good fortune to train with and or under the direct lineage of some of the greatest martial artists in the world including Master Ed Parker, Master Jinheng Li, Kru Pol and Master Eddie Cha.

He is also the author of the Six Sigma Fitness™ Scholar Warrior Program which brings together the Eastern and Western sciences as well as the training of both traditional strength and conditioning with martial arts programming.

He is currently the Research Physiologist with UltraFit Systems, Physiologist/Consultant to many professional athletes specializing in combat sports, weight cutting and physiological adaptation. Authored and developed The Scholar Warrior Program for Six Sigma Fitness™ and The Six Sigma Fitness™ Methodology.

Past certifications are too numerous to list but more include Six Sigma Fitness™ Certified Practitioner, Certified Personal Trainer (C.P.T.), CrossFit Level 1, Precision Nutrition, Poliquin Biosignature, Poliquin PICP, BioForce HRV, BioForce Certified Conditioning Coach

He is available for consults, private self-defense training and speaking engagements.

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